Dental Treatments for Children
Laughing Gas - Nitrous Oxide
Although modern dentistry is generally pain-free, many young children, special needs children, some adults are scared of going to the dentist. Sedation dentistry can help in such cases. It can also make things much easier if your child needs complex treatment.
Laughing Gas/Inhalation Sedation is our preferred sedation option for anxious / uncooperative children because it is very mild and completely safe. Nitrous oxide (laughing gas) creates feelings of happiness and relaxation in most patients when inhaled. Nitrous oxide is a safe and comfortable way to help many children to receive the dental treatment they need.
In this treatment your child will inhale a gentle blend of nitrogen and oxygen through a mask placed over their nose, this induces deep relaxation and relieves fear. Children who are mildly to moderately anxious about a visit to the dentist may benefit from nitrous oxide sedation, which relaxes them enough to receive the necessary dental treatments. The effect of the gas wears out immediately i.e. as soon as the mask is removed.
Complete Oral Health Check-up & Cleaning (Prophylaxis)
Children’s mouths are constantly changing, We recommend a routine visit once in every six months after their first visit. Once your child has all of their baby teeth, we will clean, polish and examine your child’s teeth for any cavities or other dental health problems. Throughout the entire appointment, we will explain you and your child everything that we are doing in a way that is enjoyable and makes sense. We want each child to look forward to coming back to see us. My team is committed to making sure your child has a positive experience every time.
Fluoride gel/Varnish application can slowdown or prevent tooth decay in children. It’s a painless and simple procedure which involves a gel being painted onto your child’s teeth using a soft brush or a fluoride application tray being inserted in your child's mouth. If Fluoride treatment is done at an earlier age, the chances of them having cavities reduces considerably. Your child will be asked to avoid eating or drinking for 30 minutes after the treatment so the fluoride can be fully absorbed by the teeth.
Dental Sealants are protective coatings brushed onto the chewing surfaces of the molars (back teeth) of children. These teeth have plenty of uneven surfaces where bacteria hide and are prone to get cavities. The sealants fill in and cover these surfaces on the tooth to act as a protection from the bacteria. Sealant application process is really quick and absolutely painless. Research shows that a tooth that has been sealed with the dental sealants has a six fold reduction in decay then a non sealed tooth.
Pulpectomy/Pulpotomy (Root Canal Treatment for Children)
Sometimes tooth decay is extensive and it infects the sensitive soft tissue inside the tooth. This can be extremely painful for young children causing throbbing pain in the tooth or jaw. To save these teeth a pulpotomy or a baby root canal treatment is advised. In a pulpotomy the infected nerve tissue is removed from the crown of the tooth. A baby root canal only takes a few minutes to complete and can be done in a single visit. Depending on the extent of decay there are numerous treatment options that we might consider - removing the decay and simply capping the tooth to protect it or doing a pulpectomy i.e removing the entire infected soft tissue (both crown & root) and sealing it before fixing a children’s crown.
When a tooth has a huge cavity or if it becomes too deep or large for a filling to be effective, dental crowns are recommended. These are also placed after a root canal treatment. A dental crown is a custom-made restoration that caps the natural tooth, restoring it to full function.
Unlike adult crowns, crowns for children’s baby teeth are pre-manufactured and come in different sizes and shapes, these are then adjusted by the pediatric dentist in place for the perfect fit. Children’s crowns can be made from materials such as stainless steel or tooth-coloured ceramic. Both are durable enough to last until the natural tooth falls out. These crowns allow kids to eat without any pain. They also look and feel completely natural. Once a crown is cemented in place, we’ll help your child establish a hygiene routine to make sure it stays clean and healthy in the long term.
Extractions (Teeth Removal)
Teeth that are very badly decayed and cannot be saved are normally removed under Local Anesthetic (sleepy juice). Before the extraction a flavored numbing gel is applied under the area near to the tooth so that the child is absolutely comfortable and doesn’t feel the needle prick. If your child had local anesthetic for a procedure, then his/her tooth, lip, cheek, and tongue will be numb for at least an hour after the procedure is completed. The child needs to be watched for this duration to avoid any lip/cheek biting. After the appointment, your child can usually go back home and rest and can attend school the next day. To avoid displacement of the blood clot, don't allow the child to rinse, spit, or use a straw for 24 hours after the procedure.
When a child has missing milk teeth, it's important to consider space maintainers to ensure he or she develops permanent teeth in correct locations. If one milk tooth is missing for more than a short period, the child risks other milk teeth becoming loose because they aren't properly supported. When this happens, the loose teeth can move into the spaces intended for other permanent teeth which are yet to erupt. This causes permanent teeth to erupt incorrectly. Space Maintainer is a passive (they do not move teeth) appliance, therefore, it causes no pain or discomfort.
Tooth Colored Fillings
We do long lasting tooth colored fillings, The material we use makes the procedure swift and easy for children to handle. This filling material requires the least amount of drilling making the entire procedure painless.
Habit breakers are appliances that help children break or stop a habit like sucking thumbs or placing the tongue in between the front teeth. One of the most common habit breakers we use for children is the tongue crib, This appliance stops the habit within days, but it remains in the mouth for longer in order to make sure the practice has completely vanished.
If your child is grinding his or her teeth while sleeping, it has harmful effects on their teeth. It also places stress on the facial muscles and can be linked with frequently occurring headaches, muscle aches & ear pain, In such cases a night guard is advised. It acts as a barrier, cushion that will keep them from damaging their teeth and will hence help reduce the stress and relax the muscles and the joint.
If your child has a dental emergency, such as a fall and then a loose or broken tooth, you can call our Pediatric Dental Emergency number immediately at 0521565432. We will be happy to advise or see your child if necessary.